On a large map, find the areas where penguins are found throughout the Southern Hemisphere. On a separate piece of paper, draw picture of each penguin species. Then, cut the pictures out and attach them to the map where that penguin is found.


Research the natural history of penguins and write a short report and include an illustration on each one of the 18 different species. Compile the reports and illustrations in a book for all to share.

Food webs

Penguins are a part of a food chain that may include shrimp, fish, krill, whales and seals. Construct a simple food web that shows which animal eats what.


Discuss how penguins compare with birds that live in your neighborhood. Discuss the things that all living things need to survive. What special adaptations do different birds have that allow them to survive in their habitats?


Penguins are very well adapted to their life at sea. They have heavy bones, streamlined bodies and waterproof feathers. Think about how adaptations help an animal survive. Then design your own bird with features to help it survive in an unusual habitat—such as in the desert, on the moon, in a city or on top of a mountain. What would it look like? What would it eat? How would it protect itself?

My Life as a Penguin

Based on your knowledge of penguins, write a short story called “My Life as a Penguin.”


Many penguin species are in danger. Discuss other endangered and protected species such as the bald eagle, peregrine falcon, or the North Atlantic right whale. What are the reasons these animals are threatened? How can we help these animals?